Fish Catching Techniques and Amateur Fishing for Beginners



One of the first things to do before you start fishing is to buy supplies. We will talk about this later, but this is not the first action that needs to be done. First of all, the fisherman candidate (let’s put it this way) can have information about the fish he wants to keep. Although it is not possible to get information about all kinds of fish in your area, you will have to start from a point and you can start by targeting known and traditionally designated fish (such as horse mackerel or mullet). However, to meet with experienced fishermen and chat with them will increase your knowledge about fishing as well as give you an idea about the future hunting.

Your knowledge of the fish and the place will not mean much at this stage. The reason for this is the importance of the technique of catching fish. To sort this:



  • How to use the fishing rod (remote shot, close shot, reel, etc.)
  • Feeding method (Live, dead or fake feed)
  • Fishing tackle and auxiliary tools (fishing rod, buoy, bait, etc.)

So far, I tried to summarize how you could consciously start fishing by being more cautious rather than buying fishing materials randomly.

Considerations When Buying Fishing Material


One of the mistakes made by many of our new friends is the idea of buying everything as much as possible. I see it almost every time I go to buy fish stuff. The first rule is to avoid randomly filling your material bag or box. When you determine the day of hunting and the fish you want to hunt, the rest comes easily and quickly. Apparently, we need to take care of not only the target fish but also the destination.

So why? We can explain this question as follows; If you want to go fishing in the ocean in the summer, a fisherman just needs his anchor, bait tackle and sinker. However, when he evaluates the destination, he will also have an idea of how thin the fishing line should be or what the sinker weight should be. As a result, if he tries to use his thick line in a place that is not deep, he will have to go and get a thin line again.



I think you have more or fewer ideas about material prices. If you evaluate this with the abundance of fish varieties, you can see that it is like a sea without end. Because intelligence is a very important element, as you said before, get yourself some fishing friends. This not only saves you time but can also benefit financially. The other is about step-by-step progress. You start with horse mackerel, and then you’re eager to catch the mullet, and that’s natural. But when you go to buy supplies, how about trying to transform and produce them yourself instead of buying several tackles? Apart from their financial benefits, I guarantee you that this behavior will increase your experience in fishing.

Finally, when you go to fishing shops, you will see dozens of toys blink at you on the shelves. But what is essential is the information you get from local sources. There are 1000 kinds of fake baits, but you should select the correct one. Material producers had previously indicated on the back of the boxes what fake fish they were designed for. Nowadays, this application is not done much, but there is no need to. You will see such interesting situations that you can witness or hear (for a fact) the incredible sea bass caught with a lollipop stick, for example. But giving you 30 pounds of fake fish you can not reach this type of results. That’s why I’ve always said something to keep in mind. Do research on your target fish and your destination:



  • How the weather should be (A choppy sea is ideal for sea bass)
  • What kind of fake fish should I use (eyes alive, red-headed white and mullet-like)
  • Where are the most fertile places (areas with rocks or grasslands)
  • What kind of reed – reel should I have (3 meters long, a small reel and a fine solid fishing line)
  • So instead of filling your bags with junk food, try to use the materials you will get in the long term by starting out with experience and intelligence.

Recommendations for Beginners to Fishing


I have prepared this paragraph to provide information to beginners in amateur fishing, as well as to eliminate misunderstandings. Amateur fishing is a good therapy and stress relief method. While fishing may seem simple to most people, it will always lead to the right results when you have a specific plan. Now let’s take a look at where to start angling.

First, you can step into the angling by recognizing the fish. You must be aware of the fish you want to keep. You can start from fish known as horse mackerel, mullet and sea bass, which have traditionally been known by many people. In addition, you can chat with experienced fishermen, both to increase your knowledge about fishing, as well as you can exchange ideas about future hunting. Step by step, you want to catch the mackerel, then the mullet and the sea bass. This is human nature and it is very natural.



There are no obstacles to the current laws for amateur fishing. Provided that you do not carry any commercial concern. Amateur fishermen can fish up to 5 kg per day. Over 5 kg exceeds the limit. Also, pay attention to time prohibitions in fishing. If you make a mistake during the egg period and keep the fry, release it without damaging it.

It is recommended that you do not make the same mistake as many people when buying fishing equipment. The first rule is to avoid randomly filling your material bag. When you determine the hunting day and the fish you want to hunt, you should get the material according to it.

Types of Fishing for Beginners


Freshwater Fishing


Fishing is like a hobby that almost everyone will enjoy and want to do. There are so many important and funny tricks that you cannot imagine, although it is seen as just waiting on the bait. Since I was a child, I started fishing with my father and thought fishing was very easy in the beginning. I saw it as bait on the rope and rope attached to the end of a stick. However, things aren’t exactly what they seem, are they? If a faculty is opened at the university for fisheries, it may really need to be studied for almost six years. But we know that not everything is learned just by studying at school. You need to apply, try, gain experience. Maybe there is a lot to learn theoretically, but the real thing is to put it into practice and do it right. It takes time. My purpose in writing this article is to shorten this period with humble advice.



The weather is already warm and the holidays are approaching, for those who want to evaluate the weekends and some days of vacation by fishing. In this article, I will talk about basic information and some tricks about fishing. Family, friends, and all people who want to go fishing should read this article well, I do not want you to return empty-handed. Fishing is done in different waters and with different techniques. I would like to start with freshwater fishing first. The two elements that we need to pay attention to are the bait and the fishing line we choose according to the type of fish we want to hunt.

  • Trout

Trout is a very active fish that has fins without thorns. Its scales are very small, and it is the most delicious, carnivorous animal living in inland waters. Trouts live in cold, clear and oxygen-rich waters with temperatures between 10–15 degrees. Mepps no 1 is the most commonly used and working bait in trout fishing. The technique you will generally use in trout fishing with Mepps is the throw and pull technique. This technique is very common in many lakes and rivers. In this technique, you need to throw the fishing line on which the Mepps is connected, and then slowly pull the line without waiting.

In very shallow waters you need to be careful when shooting the line because it can easily get stuck. Therefore, your machine should have more spins, your rod should be flexible and long, and your line should have a thickness of 0.15-0.20–0.25. If you succeed in throwing the fishing rod where the water is deeper in the throw and pull method, you can catch trout in your 3rd or 4th pull. If you want to hunt in the creek and the flow rate of water on the day you will be hunting is high, then that day may not be very good for you to try to hunt. You may want to wait for 1-2 days.



  • Carp

Carp are known to live up to 50 years. They are thick-lipped and toothless. They feed on plants, seeds, insects, and maggots. They find their food by smell. As we can say from the phrase “jump like a carp”, they are attracted to almost every food that emits odor. The heavy-smelled bagasse, which you attach to one of the needles as a bait, is a good way to pull the carp on the hook. Then the carp will actually jump to the worm attached to the other needles.

  • Catfish

It is the fish that can reach the largest size and weight in the freshwater. A catfish may actually be three meters long and weigh a hundred kilograms. They are heavy and bulky. They can be found in any freshwater with mosquitoes because they generally feed on frogs, leeches and the like. Leech, worms, and frogs that can be caught from the region can be preferred as bait. It will be very useful to insert it live in the needle. It is necessary to choose a fishing line as thick as possible. If you are hunting at night, the light should be prevented from being reflected by water and if you are hunting at daytime, the same principle applies for shadow. I hope that after this little advice you can have fun and have a nice time fishing.

Coastal Fishing


Coastal fishing is perhaps the most difficult but the most enjoyable of fishing techniques. It is difficult to throw a fishing line from the shore. If you are inexperienced, you should say goodbye to your hook and your sinker. Sometimes, no matter how experienced you are, you cannot save the fishing line without breaking it. Fishing with a reed is easier than throwing a fishing line with a pulley, but if you do not have a fishing rod, you should throw better as well as pull back the line carefully. As someone who started fishing with a pulley, I can say that I really had a hard time.



If we talk about timing for fishing, you can spend more efficient hunting time in the early morning, sunrise or sunset. The thickness of the fishing line of your fishing rod which can be used for coastal fishing, in general, will be 0.30–0.35. In addition, using a 75 g sinker will help you to throw away your fishing line, because it is very important to throw as far as you can in the coastal fishing. As for the hook selection, you can choose cross-hooks 7, 8 or 9. If you are fishing in shallow and clear waters and see that there are fish close to the shore, you can attract fish by feeding. Avoid sudden movements not to intimidate the fish nearby.

Let’s come to the fish species and fish feeds that you can use according to species. You can do preliminary research in the region where you will hunt and find out which fish come forward and what type of bait is used by the people in the region. In general, when you catch the fish from the shore, if the place you will throw your fishing rod is sandy there are fish such as striped seabream, annular sea bream, saddled sea bream and sea bass, if it is crushed, there are fish such as corb and conger, if it is rocky-stony there are fish such as white sea bream. Sea bream are roaming fish and are usually found in crushed places. We can say that there is nothing they do not eat as bait, but they generally prefer live food. Again with this bait, you have the chance to catch corb and cattle in the crushed areas.

Fishing On Boat


My first advice is to go to sleep early in the night before the boat fishing because if you want to have a good boat hunt you should sail before sunrise and throw your fishing rod at sunrise. If possible, complete all preparations at the night, just leave in the morning. Don’t forget to take heavy clothes in the morning. In the early hours of the morning, when you start to sail with that sweet coolness, you won’t even care if you can catch fish or not. Of course, if you can catch some you can enjoy your trip more. First of all, I want to talk about the hunt for bonito. It is a difficult but enjoyable hunt.



As you slowly move away from the beach, the taste of having breakfast with the things you have prepared on the boat will amaze you. After moving away enough, now it is time to open the tackles you prepared before. It is useful to have a body line 0.40 in which you attach the hook in the tackle. The mainline should be 0.90 in general. Bonitos are middle waters fish, that’s why the length of your fishing line should be at least 15 meters. Other than that, the sinker must be 75 grams. If we talk about bait, you can use 12 centimeters of fake bait.

Bonito hunting is not a fishing type that you can do while the boat is standing. The boat should be in motion and the approximate speed should be 6-7 kilometers per hour. Bonitos love chasing fleeing food. One of the important things at the beginning of the hunt is to find out where the Bonitos are. You can find out from the local fishermen or acquaintances beforehand. It can also be understood from seagulls flying over the sea or small fish playing on the water surface. The weather doesn’t matter much for the bonito, only the sea should be very lightly choppy so that you get a better catch. It is easier after catching the first fish, and you can have a more productive hunt when you find the place. Finally, I would like to briefly talk about Bluefish hunting, which is one of the hardest fish in the sea and is difficult to hunt. Bluefish is a fish that can eat even sea bass up to 1 kilogram, also eats mullet and even eats fish of its own kind. It has very sharp teeth and is an aggressive fish type.

The fishing tackle you will use, in fact, is a very simple gear, although the fish is quite aggressive. There is no need for so many fancy fake baits or carbon fishing rods. You can even use a normal fishing rod or pulley. You just need to use a steel wire. With sharp teeth, it can tear the line. If you use steel wire, it will not be a problem. As for the tackle, you can use 60 Number as the body and 50 Number for the shackle. For steel wire, 60 lb wire will work. Live feed can be preferred as bait and mullet can be used for this. Let’s come again to the speed of your boat. The speed should be adjusted very well. The fishing line should not be stretched so that you can feel the impact of the fishing rod. You should not hurry to leash the fish for a while after you feel the blows on the hook.



The best timing for bluefish hunting may be the nights with moonlight or artificial light lightening the sea. In addition, it can also be hunted at sunrise in the morning. Fishing is a really nice hobby, even passion, and things to learn about fishing never ends. After experiencing fishing for a while, you can develop methods or techniques that will help you. I hope that I have helped you a little with this humble advice. I wish you all a pleasant fishing.

Angling for Beginners


First of all, you need to know that there are a wide variety of angling types and the material of each type is unique. I will now tell you in simple terms about these types and the materials that should be used for those.

1- Surf Casting: The basis of this type of angling is based on the principle of being able to send the fishing rod quite far from the shore. In this kind of reeds with a capacity of throwing 100-250 grams between 390 cm – 420 cm are ideal. 450 cm reeds can also be preferred at advanced levels. The machines can be used as machines with wide bed 6000-8500 winding bed and 3 + 1 – 7 + 1 balls. Monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing lines from 0.35 mm to 0.45 mm may be preferred. Of course, this information will be developed and shaped according to your own style as you gain experience. In addition, the materials you receive are directly proportional to your budget.



2- Spin (Throw & Pull) Style: This type of angling is based on using various counterfeit model fish, silicone fish and jigheads to give actions to trick fish from the shore. In this type, reeds having a weight of 3-20 grams and of 10-40 grams are preferred. The machine is preferred as a lighter and smaller 1000-5000 fishing line winding bed. Compared to surfcasting, they are less powerful machines. As a fishing line, 0.18 mm – 0.26 mm fluorocarbon fishing line is preferred which is thinner than surfcasting. In addition, the so-called rope fishing lines can be preferred in this principle.

These two principles form the basis of angling. Although there is no end to the principles of fishing, these two methods are the most common, most used and most efficient methods. After deciding on your method of hunting and supplying the materials, the main things you need to know are to learn how to tie a swivel to the end of the line, to prepare a tackle, to learn fishing nodes and hook types. It is a relaxing hobby that you will enjoy as you learn and want to learn more as you enjoy it.

Fishing Rod Selection


Let’s start by choosing the most prominent part of the fishing rod, the reed. It is possible to find reeds made of three different materials. Fiber reeds are more preferred by those who are new to this business. Not long-lived. If maintained, it lasts for a maximum of 5-10 years. Prices vary between $ 10-20.



There are also reeds made of a carbon-fiber mixture called composite. They can be used for many years. You can even leave it as a legacy to your grandchildren. Their price is between $ 20-30. The best reeds are made only of carbon. Prices start from $ 35. If you have a passion for brands, this figure can go up to $ 300. In recent years, surfing reeds, which have made it easier to shoot longer distances, have also become in demand. These reeds are made of a harder material and their prices start from $ 60.

Parts of the Fishing Rod


The most important part of the fishing rod is, of course, the machine that controls the whole system. When buying the machine, you have to pay attention to which fish to hunt. 1-2 ball graphic machines can work for those who want to do coastal fishing. If you are a beginner in fishing and see this business as a hobby, you only need to choose between $ 10-20 graphic machines. But it should not be forgotten that these machines will fail more quickly. However, many shops selling this type of material offer a repair guarantee. It’s not that expensive to fix the broken equipment.



There are also various combinations of steel and graphic materials. The prices of these machines are between $ 50-100. The internal mechanism of these machines is much stronger than the others. Whether a machine is good or not can be easily understood by looking at the thickness of the gears inside. The thicker the gears, the longer the machine will last. There are also machines made only for boat fishing. It is not possible to hunt from the shore with this material having much thicker gears.

Separate Fishing Line for Each Fish


One of the sine qua non of a fishing rod is the fishing line. It costs around $ 3-5. Some materials sellers can even give the fishing line as a gift. In the meantime, it is worth noting that the fishing line varies according to the type of fish to be hunted. If you are going to use the season and throw your fishing rod for seabream, you need a 10-hook flush trotline. Its price is $ 0.50. After the seventh month, you need to buy bait to hunt the seabreams.

Supplies for Amateur Fishermen


For beginners, the selection of fish equipment is very important. Choosing the right fishing equipment leads to much easier and enjoyable fishing. The most important thing for the amateur fisherman to pay attention to is not to fill everything in the bag, only to take the necessary materials. Most of the random materials are useless when fishing. These materials vary according to the season, the type of fish caught, and how to fish in water. Before choosing materials, you should determine the type of fish you will catch and where you will catch the fish.

  • Fishing Rod

You will have to choose the most suitable one among the many types of fishing rods in accordance with the type of fish you will catch and the water where you will hunt. The fishing rods used in the lake, sea, and shore are different and therefore, a suitable fishing rod should be preferred for the region to be hunted. The quality of the fishing rod which is preferred for the continuation of your fishing pleasure is also very important. A fishing rod that breaks at the first challenge can cast a shadow on this fun activity.



  • Fishing Line and Fishing Hook

If the fishing line wrapped in the fishing machine is deformed, it may break while fishing. A robust fishing line should be wrapped around the fishing line and the spare line should always be kept in the material bag against the risk of rupture. Fishing line is one of the materials that you should always have a backup in the bag. The conditions of the hunting area may cause the fishing line to break. Or if you encounter a strong fish, the fishing line may break. In such cases, it will be useful to have spare hooks with you in order to continue your hunting pleasure.

  • Bobber and Sinker

The most enjoyable of the fish tracking is with the bobber. 5-6 spare bobbers of different structures and weights must be in your material bag. When choosing bobber products different colors can be selected. Color is as important as the weight and structure of the bobber. Often a sinker is needed to balance the bobber. Sometimes, the sinker is also used to change the depth of dive of the fake feed. In such cases, it is important to have spare sinkers in the bag. For this purpose, specially prepared sinker sets with different sizes and weights will do the job.

  • Plastic Worm and Fake Fish

If the fish you’re going to catch is a pike or sea bass, the plastic worm is one of the must-have. Silicon worms used as fake bait can be easily found in different colors and sizes. On average, 8-10 worms will be sufficient to meet your fake bait needs. Fake fish resembling real fish with their appearance is a must in many fish hunters’ collection. Those who want to be a good angler should have a few fake fish among their supplies.



  • Swivel, Clip and Line Shears

Swivel prevents the distortion of the fishing line and protects the line strength. Therefore, the swivel is a must among the fish supplies. The clip is used with the swivel. With the clip, it is easy to change tackle or feed. 8-10 clips are enough for your toolbox. Line shears is used to cut the line when preparing the tackle. Instead, the nail clippers also work. Trying to pull the fishing line manually can cause injury to your hand and your fishing pleasure may end before you start.

  • First Aid Kit and Hook Remover

Of course, one of the most important fishing equipment is the first aid kit. In fishing activities, as in other sports, accidents, injuries may occur. For such adverse situations, having a first aid kit in your bag makes you feel safer. For fishing which is done only as a sporting activity, caught fish should be released to nature. It is best to use a hook remover to prevent fish death from hook injuries.

Fishing which requires ambition, patience and combat become a very enjoyable sport when the necessary equipment is bought. These materials are easily accessible from many stores and you can enjoy a pleasant fishing experience.

Savaş Ateş

When I was a kid I had a small aquarium in our home. I had different kinds of fishes. I like fishes. Then I started to research all kinds of fishes and fishing too. I read lots of books about them. I like to share my experiences.

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